Biomass Policy Requires 5% Co-Firing in Thermal Power Plants by 2024-25

Now it mandates 5% biomass co-firing in Thermal Power Plants (TPPs) from FY 2024-25. This obligation shall increase to 7% from FY 2025-26.

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The Union Minister for Power and New & Renewable Energy has informed that there are 47 Thermal Power Plants which have carried out co-firing of agro residue based biomass pellets with coal. The Ministry of Power issued modification on 16.06.2023 to revise the biomass policy dated 08.10.2021 and now it mandates 5% biomass co-firing in Thermal Power Plants (TPPs) from FY 2024-25. This obligation shall increase to 7% from FY 2025-26.

The Minister informed that the Government has taken many initiatives to ensure the availability and procurement of biomass pellets for co-firing in TPPs like, Finance Assistance Schemes by MNRE and CPCB have been issued for biomass pellet manufacturing units, Reserve Bank  of India (RBI)  has approved ‘Biomass pellet manufacturing’ as an eligible activity under Priority Sector Lending (PSL), Procurement Provision of Biomass Category has been created on GeM portal, Revised Model long term contract for Biomass supply was issued by Ministry of Power, Vendor database finalized and listed on SAMARTH website, awareness programmes & Advertisement Campaign were carried out, Provision of Udyam Aadhaar on National Single Window System, Bankable Model Project Report for Biomass Pellet Plants etc.

Further, the Ministry of Power through a policy Addendum dated 03-05-2023 has indicated the various type of various agro residues such as stubble/straw/stalk/husk which are surplus and not being used as animal fodder for making the biomass pellets. This includes agro-residue obtained from crops like Paddy, Soya, Arhar, Gwar, Cotton, Gram, Jawar, Bajra, Moong, Mustard, Sesame, Til, Maize, Sunflower, Jute, Coffee, etc. as well as Groundnut Shell, Coconut Shell, Castor Seed Shell etc.

In addition, pellets made from the following agro product/crop/waste can also be used for co-firing in TPPs viz. Bamboo and its by-products, Horticulture waste such as dry leaves and trimmings obtained from maintenance & pruning of trees and plants and other biomass such as Pine Cone/Needle, Elephant Grass, Sarkanda, etc.

The Minister informed that approximately 1,64,976 Metric Tonnes of agri residues-based biomass has been co-fired in 47 coal based thermal power plants till May 2023. State-wise list of thermal power plants co-firing above biomass pellets is given below.


State-wise details of Biomass usage in all TPPs in the country till May’ 2023
Sl. No.StateName of the PlantCapacity (MW)Cumulative Biomass usage (Metric Tonne)State-wise Biomass usage (Metric Tonne)
1Uttar PradeshNational Capital Power Station, Dadri, UP18202061770977
2Harduaganj TPS, UP12657392
3Feroze Gandhi Unchahar Thermal Power Station, UP15509486
4Tanda Thermal Power Station, Ambedkar Nagar, UP17603806
5Mahan Al. Unit- CPP, UP90029676
6HaryanaYamuna Nagar TPS, Haryana60045520969
7Rajiv Gandhi TPS, Hisar, Haryana120095
8IGSTPP, Jhajjar, Haryana150016008
9Mahatma Gandhi TPS, Jhajjar, Haryana13204411
10PunjabNabha Power Limited (NPL), Punjab140030180
11Guru Gobind Singh Super Thermal Plant Ropar (GGSSTP), Ropar, Punjab84061
12Guru Hargobind Thermal Plant (GHTP), Lehra Mohabbat, Punjab92039
13TSPL, Mansa, Punjab198050
14MaharashtraMauda Super Thermal Power Station, Nagpur, MH23202416727349
15Solapur Super Thermal Power Station, Solapur, MH13203060
16Dhariwal Thermal Power Plant Chandrapur, MH60087
17GMR Warora Energy Limited, Maharashtra60020
18JSW Energy – Ratnagiri Maharashtra12005
19Sai Wardha Power Generation Limited, MH54010
20KarnatakaKudgi Super Thermal Power Station, Bijapur, Karnataka240019122248
21JSW Energy – TPP Bellary, Karnataka860336
22Andhra PradeshSimhadri Super Thermal Power Station, AP200045514551
23ChhattisgarhLARA Super Thermal Power Station, Raigarh, CG160048911464
24Sipat Super Thermal Power Station, Bilaspur, CG29803882
25Jindal super thermal power plant Tamnar, CG340024
26Raipur Energen Limited, CG137077
27Badadarha TPP, CG120025
28Raigarh Energy Generation Ltd, CG60025
29Bharat Aluminum Company Limited, CG17406942
30Madhya PradeshGadarwara Super Thermal Power Station, MP1600314017603
31Khargone Super Thermal Power Station, , MP132013417
32Jaypee Nigrie super Thermal power plant, MP1320577
33Jaypee Bina TPS, MP500425
34Sasan Power Ltd Madhya Pradesh396044
35BiharKahalgaon Super Thermal Power Station, Bihar23401010
36West BengalBudge Budge Thermal Power station, WB750181896
37Haldia Thermal Power plant, WB60090
38Farakka super thermal Power plant, Murshidabad, WB210077
39Durgapur Steel Thermal Power Station (DSTPS)1000501
40Bakreswar Thermal power station, WB105022
41Sagardighi TPS, WB160025
42RajasthanAdani Power Rajasthan Limited, Rajasthan13201117927
43Shree Mega Power Bewar (CFBC), RJ3447816
44OdishaJharsuguda Captive Power, Odisha12154464
45GMR Kamal Ganga, Odisha70020
46Tamil NaduOPG Power Generation Pvt Ltd, Tamil Nādu420715715
47JharkhandJojobera Power Plant, Jharkhand427.52323
Grand Total64351.5164976164976

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