C++ is a powerful, versatile, and popular programming language that is widely used for developing a wide range of software applications, including system software, and high-performance applications. It continues to be a popular choice among developers due to its performance, expressiveness, and extensive community support.Some new existing trends developed in C++, and developments and new trends in the language are continuous.
Here are a few new trends that are gaining popularity at the time:-
Modern C++ Features:-
C++11, C++14, and C++17 introduced numerous new features and improvements to the language. These features, such as lambda expressions, smart pointers, type inference, range-based loops, and more, have become widely adopted by the C++ community.
Standard Template Library (STL) Enhancements:-
The STL is a powerful library that provides a collection of container classes, algorithms, and iterators. With each new C++ standard, the STL has been expanded and improved. The addition of new containers, like unordered_set and unordered_map, as well as enhancements to existing containers, algorithms, and iterators, have made the STL even more versatile and efficient.
Multithreading and Concurrency:-
With the increasing importance of parallel and concurrent programming, C++ has evolved to include better support for multithreading and concurrency. The introduction of the <thread> library in C++11, along with other synchronization primitives, such as mutexes and condition variables, has made it easier to write multithreaded programs safely and efficiently.
C++ has started to embrace functional programming concepts more actively. Features like lambda expressions, std::function, and the range-based for loop allow for more expressive and functional-style programming in C++. The addition of functional programming techniques can lead to more concise and readable code.
Constexpr and Compile Time Programming:
The constexpr keyword introduced in C++11 allows certain computations to be performed at compile-time rather than run-time. This feature enables programmers to write more efficient code by moving computations to compile time, thus reducing runtime overhead.
Metaprogramming and Template Metaprogramming (TMP):-
C++ has a powerful template system that enables metaprogramming. Template metaprogramming involves writing code that performs computations at compile-time, allowing for powerful code generation and optimization. TMP is often used to achieve static polymorphism, optimize code, and perform compile-time computations.
C++20, released in 2020, introduced several new features and improvements. Some notable additions include modules, coroutines, ranges, concepts, three-way comparisons, and improved support for lambdas. These new features aim to simplify code, improve performance, and enhance expressiveness.
According to Mr. Rohit Singh, CEO of NICS Technology-
We observe a shift in the preferences of aspiring developers. While newer languages gain popularity, the significance of C++ remains undeniable. Its efficiency, versatility, and strong foundation in low-level programming continue to make it an essential language for systems development and performance-critical applications. As an ed-tech organization, we recognize the changing trends, but we firmly believe that C++ continues to play a vital role in shaping the future of technology and empowering students to become well-rounded programmers.