Africa Must be Explored by MSMEs for Pulse, Oilseed Production
In a bid to address domestic shortages, Indian companies should consider investing in Africa for production of pulses and oilseeds, Agriculture Minister Radha Mohan Singh said. India is dependent on import of pulses and edible oils due to a huge supply-demand gap. It imports 4-5 million tonnes (mt) of pulses and 13-14 mt of edible oils annually.
“Can we think of a dispensation where Indian companies can consider investing in Africa for growing pulses and oilseeds, which are in short supply in India. Similarly, African businesses can think of engaging mutually beneficial collaborators in India,” Singh said at India-Africa Agribusiness Forum organised by the industry body, Federation of Indian Chambers of Commerce and Industry (Ficci).
India attaches great importance to private sector participation in agriculture and agri-business. There is an impressive presence of private sector, including large business groups in food processing, logistics, supply chains including cold chains, he said.
“I am happy to note that recently our Government has taken a decision to set up a food processing cluster in Africa. I am also aware that some of the Indian companies have invested in agriculture in Africa and many are looking forward to doing so,” he added. His African counterparts, especially from Zambia, Botswana and Seychelles, evinced interest to collaborate with Indian companies in various areas of agriculture sector.
“We are willing to offer 10,000-15,000 hectare on lease for 99 years. We have 75 million hectare of land, of which 58 per cent is areable. Of total areable land, only 11 per cent is used, and the rest is available for investment,” Zambia Agriculture Minister Given Lubinda said. There are challenges in Zambia but they provide opportunity for solution to global food security, he added.
Echoing similar views, Botswana Agriculture Minister Patrick Ralotsia said, “Currently, entire South Africa is engulfed in drought. Africa need not reinvent the wheel. We can learn from India and address the issues of food security. “We need to collaborate to achieve the common objective of food security. If we collaborate with India, we will benefit.” Seeking partnership with Indian companies, Seychelles Agriculture Minister Wallace Cosgrow said, “We count on India on all private sector investment. Come to Seychelles to see invest opportunities in agriculture sector.”
India imports pulses from African countries, like Malawi and Mozambique. There is a huge potential to invest in Malawi, where almost 50 per cent of pulses area remains unused due to lack of irrigation, lack of seeds and technology and poverty.
Malawi is growing pulses in 3.5 lakh hectare, while it has 6 lakh hectare that can be used for pulses cultivation. Investing in Africa can help India address shortage of pulses and edible oils, a Malawi trader said.
India’s pulses shortage had widened last year due to shortfall in domestic output because of drought. The supply is expected to remain tight this year as well due to back-to-back drought and the government is taking measures to boost supplies through imports and creating buffer stock.