The Union Minister for New & Renewable Energy and Power has informed that as on 30.06.2023, a cumulative solar power capacity of 70,096 MW has been installed in the country.
The State/UT-wise details of cumulative solar capacity installed are as given below.
|Sr. No.||State/UT||Cumulative Solar Capacity till|
|1||Andaman & Nicobar||29.91|
|8||Dadra & Nagar Haveli||5.46|
|9||Daman & Diu||41.01|
|15||Jammu & Kashmir||53.29|
|38||Others including NABARD||45.01|
The State/UT-wise details of electricity generated through solar energy in the country during 2022-23 are as given below.
|Sr. No.||State/UT||SOLAR POWER GENERATED IN 2022-23 (MU)|
|1||Andaman & Nicobar||23.94|
|8||Dadra & Nagar Haveli||27.40|
|9||Daman & Diu|
|33||Others including NABARD||–|
The Minister informed that the country has an estimated solar power potential of 7,48,990 MW. Hence, the potential of solar energy is not fully tapped, so far. The Government is making efforts to harness the available potential through various schemes and programs. Several steps have been taken by the Government to promote renewable energy, including solar energy, in the country. These are as given below.
- Permitting Foreign Direct Investment (FDI) up to 100 percent under the automatic route,
- Waiver of Inter State Transmission System (ISTS) charges for inter-state sale of solar and wind power for projects to be commissioned by 30th June 2025,
- Declaration of trajectory for Renewable Purchase Obligation (RPO) up to the year 2029-30,
- Laying of new transmission lines and creating new sub-station capacity under the Green Energy Corridor Scheme for evacuation of renewable power,
- Notification of standards for deployment of solar photovoltaic system/devices,
- Setting up of Project Development Cell for attracting and facilitating investments,
- Standard Bidding Guidelines for tariff based competitive bidding process for procurement of Power from Grid Connected Solar PV and Wind Projects.
- Government has issued orders that power shall be dispatched against Letter of Credit (LC) or advance payment to ensure timely payment by distribution licensees to RE generators.
- Notification of Promoting Renewable Energy through Green Energy Open Access Rules 2022.
- Notification of “The Electricity (Late Payment Surcharge and related matters) Rules (LPS rules).
- Launch of Green Term Ahead Market (GTAM) to facilitate sale of Renewable Energy Power through exchanges.
- Bidding trajectory for renewable energy projects through Renewable Energy Implementing Agencies have been issued.
- National Green Hydrogen Mission launched with an aim to make India a global hub for production, utilization and export of Green Hydrogen and its derivatives.
The Minister informed that the Government is implementing various schemes to provide benefits of solar energy to the citizens/farmers of the country. The list of operational schemes is as given below.
- Solar Park Scheme for setting up of at least 50 Solar Parks targeting 40,000 MW of solar power projects.
- Scheme for setting up 12,000 MW of Grid-Connected Solar PV Power Projects by the Government producers with Viability Gap Funding (VGF).
- Installation of Grid-Connected Solar Rooftop Power Plants.
- Pradhan Mantri Kisan Urja Suraksha evam Utthaan Mahabhiyan (PM-KUSUM).
- Production-linked incentive scheme under “National Programme on high efficiency Solar PV Modules.”
- Green Energy Corridor Scheme for Intra-State Transmission System.
The Minister further informed that the Government provides financial assistance for availing the benefits of solar energy, under the above schemes, the details of which are as given below.
|Scheme/ Programme||Incentive presently eligible as per the Scheme|
|(a) Solar Park Scheme|
|Up to Rs. 25 lakh per Solar Park, for preparation of Detailed Project Report (DPR).|
Beside this, Rs. 20 Lakh per MW or 30% of the project cost, whichever is lower, for development of park infrastructure.
|(b) Central Public Sector Undertaking (CPSU) Scheme Phase-II (Government Producer Scheme) for grid-connected Solar Photovoltaic (PV) Power Projects by the Government Producers||Viability Gap Funding (VGF) support up to Rs 55 lakhs per MW to the CPSUs/Govt. Organizations entities selected through competitive bidding process.|
|(c) Grid Connected Rooftop Solar PV Power Projects|
Incentives up to 10% of project cost depending upon achievements in capacity addition above baseline.
Vide its OM dated 27.01.2023, Ministry has fixed the CFA for the entire country. The revised CFA rates would be applicable on all future bids and the bids which are scheduled to be closed after 15 days of issuance of this OM.
The revised rates are as follows:
For general category States/UTs:
i. Individual Household – For first 3 kW: Rs. 14588/ kW and for RTS capacity beyond 3 kW and upto 10 kW: Rs. 7294/kW.
ii. Resident Welfare Associations/Group Housing Societies (RWA/GHS) – Rs. 7294/kW for common facilities up to 500 kWp @ 10 kWp per house.
For special category States/UTs:
i. Individual Household – For first 3 kW: Rs. 17662/ kW and for RTS capacity beyond 3 kW and upto 10 kW: Rs. 8831/kW.
ii. Resident Welfare Associations/Group Housing Societies (RWA/GHS) – Rs. 8831/kW for common facilities up to 500 kWp @ 10 kWp per house.
|(d)PM-KUSUM scheme||Component A: Setting up of 10,000 MW of Decentralized Ground/Stilt Mounted Solar Power Plants|
Benefit available: Procurement Based Incentive (PBI) to the DISCOMs @ 40 paise/kWh or Rs.6.60 lakhs/MW/year, whichever is lower, for buying solar power under this scheme. The PBI is given to the DISCOMs for a period of five years from the Commercial Operation Date of the plant. Therefore, the total PBI that payable to DISCOMs is upto Rs. 33 Lakh per MW.
Component B: Installation of 20.00 Lakh Stand-alone Solar Pumps
Benefit available: CFA of 30% of the benchmark cost or the tender cost, whichever is lower, of the stand-alone solar agriculture pump is provided. However, in North Eastern States, Sikkim, Jammu & Kashmir, Ladakh, Himachal Pradesh and Uttarakhand, Lakshadweep and A&N Islands, CFA of 50% of the benchmark cost or the tender cost, whichever is lower, of the stand-alone solar pump is provided.
Component C: Solarisation of 15 Lakh Grid Connected Agriculture Pumps including through feeder level solarisation
(a) Individual Pump Solarization: CFA of 30% of the benchmark cost or the tender cost, whichever is lower, of the solar PV component will be provided. However, in North Eastern States, Sikkim, Jammu & Kashmir, Ladakh, Himachal Pradesh and Uttarakhand, Lakshadweep and A&N Islands, CFA of 50% of the benchmark cost or the tender cost, whichever is lower, of the solar PV component is provided.
(b) Feeder Level Solarization: Agriculture feeders can be solarized by the State Government in CAPEX or RESCO mode with CFA of Rs. 1.05 Crore per MW available from MNRE.
|(e) PLI Scheme ‘National Programme on High Efficiency Solar PV Modules’||The beneficiaries are eligible for Production Linked Incentive (PLI) on production and sale of solar PV modules. The quantum of PLI eligible for disbursal depends upon: (i) quantum of sales of solar PV modules; (ii) performance parameters (efficiency and temperature coefficient of maximum power) of solar PV modules sold; and (iii) percentage of local value addition in modules sold.|
|(f) Green Energy Corridor Scheme|
for development of intra-state transmission system for RE projects)
|GEC Phase-I: CFA of 40 % of DPR cost or awarded cost whichever is lower.|
GEC Phase-II: CFA of 33 % of DPR cost or awarded cost whichever is lower.
The Minister informed that the details of fund released by the Government as Central Financial Assistance (CFA) for implementation of various schemes during last five years are as given below.
(Rs. in crores)
|3||Andaman & Nicobar||0.00||6.77||0.35||37.97||0.00|
|13||Jammu & Kashmir||10.53||16.68||4.89||42.26||27.98|
|36||Others (CEL, REL, NABARD, Regional Rural Banks, NGOs, etc.) and other Channel Partners||281.07||115.61||145.91||38.99||17.71|