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Reasons of Declining GDP & Manufacturing Output

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Subdued consumption trend along with a massive contraction in manufacturing, agriculture and mining activities pulled India’s GDP growth rate down to 4.5 per cent in the second quarter of 2019-20.

This is the slowest GDP growth rate in around six years. The growth on a year-on-year basis during Q2 2018-19 had stood at 7 per cent. On a sequential basis, the growth rate came lower than the 5 per cent recorded in Q1 of 2019-20, 5.8 per cent in Q4 2018-19, and 6.6 per cent in Q3 2018-19. At present, India’s economy faces a severe demand slowdown on account of high GST rates, farm distress, stagnant wages and liquidity constraints.

This trend of subdued consumption, referred to as slowdown, is being cited by economy watchers as the prime reason for the successive fall in GDP growth rate. All the major sectors, including automobile, capital goods, banks, consumer durables, FMCG and real estate, have been heavily battered. Consequently, the output of manufacturing, mining and electricity generation, among others, have plunged, causing job losses.

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