Arvind Panagariya Suggests FTA with US for Services Sector Growth

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Former Niti Aayog vice chairman Arvind Panagariya said India could explore the possibility of a free trade agreement (FTA) with the US in the services sector.

India currently has FTAs with over dozen countries including Japan, South Korea, Singapore and ASEAN nations.

“Down the road, the US being such an important strategic partner. One area where we can explore an FTA agreement is services. I think goods is problem with the US because the US will insist on agriculture liberalisation,” Panagariya said at an event organised by industry body CII.

He said it may be difficult to have an FTA with the US in goods but both the countries can look forward to a free trade pact in services sector because both the countries have some common interest.

On an FTA in goods with the US, Panagariya said, “You need to deal with agriculture because the US would never do goods agreement only in industry.”

Noting that it will also be a bit inconsistent with WTO rules, Panagariya said, “So, you can’t fudge it, and we will not open our agriculture market, because USA is a super competitive country in agriculture. “So FTA with USA in goods at least in the near future does not look to me like something that can happen.”

Panagariya also stressed that India must continue the liberalisation of its top tariff rates and the country should not revert back to import substitution.

“The whole fascination of import substitution which we had thought that we have overcome after 1991 and we have progressively opened up our market, suddenly has now been reversed.

“We should have liberalised more. But after 2007-08 we stopped (liberalising trade) completely and in the last two years we have reversed,” Panagariya opined.

Noting that if India once again returns to inward looking and import substitution which failed in the country for 40-50 years, he said, “then we are shooting ourself in the foot.”

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