US officials held a second day of trade talks with Chinese counterparts in Beijing, overshadowed by an unannounced visit from North Korean leader Kim Jong Un.
This is the first time the two sides have met face-to-face since President Donald Trump and Chinese leader Xi Jinping agreed to a tariff truce during a meeting in Argentina on December 1.
The talks between the US delegation — led by Deputy US Trade Representative Jeffrey Gerrish and including officials from the Treasury, Commerce, Agriculture and Energy departments — and the Chinese side were still ongoing late Tuesday, a source told AFP on condition of anonymity.
Negotiators are seeking to resolve a number of thorny issues that have threatened an all-out trade war between the world’s two biggest economies.
These include more Chinese purchases of US goods and services to reduce a yawning trade gap, increased access to China’s markets, stronger protection of intellectual property and a reduction in Beijing’s subsidies.
Neither side has provided any details about the talks.
The temporary ceasefire came after the two sides imposed import duties on more than USD 300 billion of each other’s goods.
US Commerce Secretary Wilbur Ross said Monday that China’s economy was more vulnerable to the fallout from the trade war.
“It certainly has hurt the Chinese economy,” Ross told CNBC, noting that China exports many more goods to the United States than the other way around.
Ross said there was a “very good chance” of reaching an agreement, although monitoring compliance would present a challenge.
Without a resolution, punitive US duty rates on USD 200 billion in Chinese goods are due to rise to 25 percent from 10 percent on March 2.
The second day of trade negotiations coincided with an unannounced visit by North Korea’s Kim for talks with Xi in Beijing, amid speculation of a second meeting between Kim and Trump.
Some analysts say that China — Pyongyang’s key diplomatic ally and main source of trade — could use Kim’s visit as a bargaining chip in the US trade talks.
But Bonnie Glaser, a senior adviser at the Center for Strategic and International Studies, said the timing of the North Korean leader’s arrival could be coincidental.
“I don’t see any linkage with the trade talks,” said Glaser.
“China’s ability to use (North Korea) as leverage has diminished considerably since Trump opened his own channel to Kim,” she said.
Chinese foreign ministry spokesman Lu Kang said Kim’s visit and the trade talks were “two separate matters”.
“China’s position in the China-US trade friction and its solutions to the friction is open, it’s transparent,” Lu said at a regular press briefing.
“We have shown our sincerity, we have established our stand in this, so we don’t need other actions to gain the confidence of the US. The US is very clear about China’s stance.” A separate geopolitical issue angered China on Monday when a US Navy guided-missile destroyer sailed near disputed islands in the South China Sea — a vast expanse claimed by Beijing.
China called it a violation of its sovereignty which has damaged “peace, safety and order” in the waterway.
The United States periodically sends planes and warships through the area to signal to Beijing its right under international law to pass through the waters.